Stage 1- Desired Results
Transfer:
Students will be able to independently use their learning to understand how recurring patterns in history can inform judgments about current events and other issues.
Standards:
Content Standards:
  • CS.PreK-K.1. Identify sequential actions, such as first, next, last, in stories and use them to describe personal experiences.
  • CS.PreK-K.2. Use correctly words and phrases related to chronology and time (now, long ago, before, after; morning, afternoon, night; today, tomorrow, yesterday; last or next week, month, year; and present, past, and future tenses of verbs).
  • CS.PreK-K.3. Use correctly the word because in the context of stories or personal experiences.
  • CS.PreK-K.6. Give examples that show the meaning of the following concepts: authority, fairness, justice, responsibility, and rules.
Learning Standards:
  • LS.PreK-K.1 Identify and describe the events or people celebrated during United States national holidays and why we celebrate them.
    • a. Columbus Day
    • b. Independence Day
    • c. Martin Luther King, Jr. Day
    • d. Presidents’ Day
    • e. Thanksgiving
  • LS.PreK-K.5 Retell stories that illustrate honesty, courage, friendship, respect, responsibility, and the wise or judicious exercise of authority, and explain how the characters in the stories show these qualities.
Big Ideas
Customs and traditions

Essential Questions

Overarching:
  • Why do we celebrate national holidays?
  • How do we celebrate national holidays?

Topical:
  • What National Holidays do we celebrate?
  • Why do we celebrate Columbus Day?
  • Why do we celebrate Independence Day?
  • Why do we celebrate Martin Luther King Jr. Day?
  • Why do we celebrate Presidents' Day?
  • Why do we celebrate Thanksgiving?
Big Ideas
Customs and traditions

Enduring Understandings

Overarching:
  • People celebrate national holidays for specific reasons.
  • People celebrate national holidays in different ways.

Topical:
  • .Americans celebrate Columbus Day, Independence Day, Martin Luther King Jr. day, Presidents' Day, and Thanksgiving.
  • Americans celebrate Columbus Day to celebrate the importance of exploring.
  • Americans celebrate Independence Day to remember when America became a free, independent country.
  • Americans celebrate Martin Luther King Jr. Day to remember the birthday and life of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
  • Americans celebrate Presidents' Day to remember the birthdays of American presidents George Washington and Abraham Lincoln.
  • Americans celebrate Thanksgiving to give thanks for the previous year, similar to the Pilgrims celebration with the Wompanoags.
Students will know…
  • The names of our National Holidays (Columbus Day, Independence Day, Martin Luther King Jr. Day, Presidents' Day, and Thanksgiving).
  • Why each National Holiday is celebrated
  • Specific stories of each National Holiday
Students will be skilled at …
  • Naming the national holidays (Columbus Day, Independence Day, Martin Luther King Jr. Day, Presidents' Day, and Thanksgiving).
  • Explaining why each national holiday is celebrated.
  • Retelling stories specific to National Holidays that illustrate honesty, courage, friendship, respect, responsibility, and the wise or judicious exercise of authority, and explain how the characters in the stories show these qualities.
Stage 2- Assessment Evidence
Performance Tasks:
Students tell how their family celebrates one specific holiday using sequence words (first, next, last).

Formative:

Students will write about a place they want to explore and tell why.

Flag Brace Map.

Martin Luther King Jr. Day problem solving role playing.

Presidents Day reading Response.

First Thanksgiving Bracelet
Thanksgiving Bracelet Directions


Summative:

Students will create their own holiday with an event plan, including a timeline (using first, next, last), and labeled picture describing the celebration. Students will write and explain why we should celebrate their holiday and share with their classmates.



Student Self-Assessment:
The personal holiday rubric serves as the student self assessment.
Stage 3- Learning Plan
Hook: Teacher will begin by showing class pictures/videos of holidays/celebrations.

Columbus Day: Discuss how he was an explorer and map maker (cartographer). Have students play the role of explorer and explore unseen areas of school and make map of classroom. Discuss why it was important to explore and make maps. Write and draw about a place you want to explore and tell why.


Thanksgiving: Discuss and review the First Thanksgiving and connect past to present by discussing what they can be thankful for now. Make the Story of the First Thanksgiving Bracelet and discuss the significance of each bead. Students will have turn and talk to share what each bead represents.


President's Day: Read variety of books on George Washington and Abraham Lincoln and discuss how they showed presidential characteristics (i.e.honesty, courage, friendship, respect, responsibility, and the wise or judicious exercise of authority). Complete reading response: How did (president) show (characteristic)?


Martin Luther King Jr. Day: Read a variety of books on Martin Luther King Jr. and discuss the characteristics he showed. Create a top down web of Martin Luther King Jr. Role play problem solving situations with students.
Top Down Web


Independence Day: Read variety of books about America and its independence. Create an American flag and explain what each of the parts represent. Design and create your own class flag. See this link Here for the flag brace map sample.



Resources
Digital

MLK Activities

TpT MLK Resourse FREE

Primary Source Documents:

The First Thanksgiving 1621

Print:

Martins Big Words by Doreen Rappaport Paige

The Other Side by Jacqueline Woodson


Media:

Thanksgiving

Columbus Day

Presidents Day

Independence Day